Turkish Airlines (THY) provides the most comprehensive network of domestic flights from the international airports of Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana, Trabzon, Dalaman and Antalya to all of the major Turkish cities. Onur Air, Atlas Jet and Fly Air also offer internal flights.
Getting from/to Istanbul's International Airport
There is an airport bus. It runs from 0600 to 2300 and costs around US$5 per person. It stops in Aksary (from here you can take the tram to the bus station) Sultanahmet, the main tourist district, and Taksim. You can also usually arrange for an airport transfer from your hotel Ask them about the cost or contact an Istanbul travel agents for limo service as well as normal airport pick-up.
There are, of course, taxis. It's difficult to estimate cost. Between 2300 and 0500 when the airport bus isn't running the cost is around US$12 to Sultanahmet. It will be more during the day, because of traffic delays! Check with the Tourist Information Office in the International Terminal (to the left after you go through the doors after baggage claim) for estimates and advice on the best transport to take based on the time of your arrival and budget.
From hotels in the Sultanahmet area there is The Airport Bus that picks you up at the door of your hotel. It, too, costs around US$5. Ask at your hotel.
Turkey has an extensive network of well maintained roads linking its towns, cities, and popular tourist areas. When arriving from Europe, the Bosphorus crossing to Asia has been greatly facilitated by the completion of the bypass and two Bosphorus (Bogazici) bridges which lead to the Istanbul- Ankara Expressway. The E80 and E90 are the two main roads leading to Turkey from European borders;also connecting the Iranian and Iraqi borders. These expressways have been constructed according to Asian and Middle Eastern international network standards.
Turkish road signs conform to International Protocol on Road signs. Archaeological and historical sites are indicated by yellow signs. Traffic circulates on the right and the Turkish Highway Code is similar to those of European countries. Outside cities, traffic moves freely, the Istanbul- Ankara highway being the only one on which traffic is heavy. There is a 50km/h speed limit in urban centres and a 90km/h limit outside urban centres.
The most popular means of internal travel in is coach. Roads are in good condition and as well as air-conditioned coaches, there are very good resting resort en route where coaches stop for breaks. Prices are cheap and many private companies provide frequent day and night services between all Turkish cities.
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