Allo' Expat Turkey - Connecting Expats in Turkey  
Allo' Expat Turkey Logo


 
Check our Rates
   Information Center Turkey
Turkey General Information
 
History of Turkey
Turkey Culture
Turkey Cuisine
Turkey Geography
Turkey Population
Turkey Government
Turkey Economy
Turkey Communications
Turkey Transportations
Turkey Military
Turkey Transnational Issues
Turkey Expatriates Handbook
Turkey and Foreign Government
Turkey General Listings
Turkey Useful Tips
Turkey Education & Medical
Turkey Travel & Tourism Info
Turkey Lifestyle & Leisure Info
Turkey Business Matters Info
  Sponsored Links


Check our Rates

Turkey Transportations
 
 
 

General

The TCDD - Türkiye Devlet Demir Yollari (Turkish Republic Railways) possess 8,607 km of 1435 mm gauge, of which 1,524 km are electrified (1999). In 2004, Marmaray project started on a rail tunnel under the Bosphorus straights.

Between Istanbul and Ankara, a high speed railroad line is being constructed now next to the normal speed railroad which is being renovated. When finished, travel time between the two major cities will reduce from 6,5 hours to 3 hours and 10 minutes, using trains ordered from Spain that can reach up to 250km/h.

Construction of a high speed railroad line between Ankara and Konya is also soon to begin in order to connect the two cities with a direct line and reduce travel time from several hours to approximately one hour. Several other high speed and normal railroad projects are currently in the planning stage. Cities with underground railway systems are Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, Bursa, and Adana (under construction).

After almost 30 years without any trams, Turkey is experiencing a revival in trams. Established in 1992, the tram system of Istanbul earned the best large-scale tram management award in 2005. Another award winning tram network belongs to Eskisehir, a city with a new tram system opened in 2004. Several other cities are planning or constructing tram lines, usually with modern low-floow trams. Cities with Light Rail Transit systems: Istanbul, Ankara, Eskisehir, Konya, Antalya, Kayseri(under construction).

There are numerous private bus companies providing connections between cities in Turkey. For local trips to villages there are dolmuses, small vans that seat about twenty passengers.

Overview

Railways
total: 8,697 km
standard gauge: 8,697 km 1.435-m gauge (2,122 km electrified) (2004)

Highways
total: 354,421 km
paved: 147,404 km (including 1,851 km of expressways)
unpaved: 207,017 km (2002)

Waterways
1,200 km (2003)

Pipelines
gas 3,177 km; oil 3,562 km (2004)

Ports and harbours
Gemlik, Hopa, Iskenderun, Istanbul, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Icel (Mersin), Samsun, Trabzon

Merchant marine
total: 526 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 4,666,895 GRT/7,311,504 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 108, cargo 228, chemical tanker 45, combination ore/oil 1, container 25, liquefied gas 6, passenger 5, passenger/cargo 50, petroleum tanker 33, refrigerated cargo 2, roll on/roll off 22, specialized tanker 1
foreign-owned: 8 (Cyprus 3, Denmark 2, Greece 1, Italy 1, Switzerland 1)
registered in other countries: 231 (2005)


See more information on the next page... (next)


 

 
 

   



 


copyrights © AlloExpat.com
2019 | Policy